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SHRINGAR

Shringar in Sanskrit means to get ready. In shringar Seva we ready Shreeji for the day as any mother would do for her child. We perform the shringar of Shreeji according to the Seva pranalika of that day.

The shringar may vary from day to day depending on the importance of that day. There are different kinds of shringar for each utsav (occassion). Generally only the shringar of Shree Mastak (head) will change depending on the utsav.

History

Pagh-Chandrika and Gunja mala is the most basic shringar.The large variety of shringars that we see today were not started by Shree Mahaprbhuji, during his time the only shringar were that of pagh-chandrika. It was Shree Gusaiji who introduced most of the shringars that we see today. This is one of the reasons why Shreenathji has accepted the shringar of pagh-chandrika as his favourite.

Even on the patotsav of Shreenathji the shringar is of pagh-chandrika is offered though generally on such a large utsav the shringar of kuleh-jod are offered.

Shree Mahaprabhuji introduced the following

  • Mukut and Pagh

Whilst Shree Gusaiji introduced went on to introduce Shringar’s like

  • Tipara,
  • Fenta,
  • Dumala,
  • Kulhe, etc.

There are many different types of Shringars in Pushtimarg. We shall start the shringars from charanarvind (feet) of Shreeji and end on Shree Mastak:

Shree Charan

Payal: Payal are small malas which have small latkaniyas (hanging stones) hanging at regular intervals. There are always two payals in a set.

Noopur: Noopur are shaped just as the payals, the only difference is that the latkaniyas
produce a sweet sound like the ghunghroos of a dancer.

Shree Kati (waist)

Kati Mekhala: An ornament known as the Kati mekhala or Khusdra-Ghantika is present at the Kati (waist) of Shreeji. It is made of precious stones making up a necklace-like shape; it also has latkaniyas at regular intervals. (Note: The vaishnavas doing chitra-Seva do not need this shringar as it is not possible to offer it to the Chitraji.)

Shree Hast (hands)

Kada: The Kadas are shaped like bangles (cut into half) and can be made from gold or can be studded with stones. They are present at the wrists of each hand of Shreeji. (In Seva of chitraji this shape is different.)

Baju-bandh : The baju-bandh is present on the biceps of Shreeji. The shape of a baju- bandh can differ slightly, though the general of a baju is of a stone encircled by pearls (moti).

Shree Kanth (neck)

Kanth-abharan: A necklace consisting of two rows of pearls with a pendent in the middle is known as Kanth-Abharan.

Shree-Kanth ki mala: After kanth-abharan 3-4 small malas are present which almost touch the Kati in height. These malas are called Shree Kanth ki mala

Shree Mastak

Everyday more or less the above mentioned shringars remain the same but the shringar of Shree Mastak change as per the importance of each day. There are many different shringars but we write the name of only those that are well-known:

  • Pagh
  • Dumala
  •  Fenta
  • Kulhe
  •  Mukut
  •  Tipara

images of various Shringars

seva Shrungar

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Vastra

During Shringar Thakorji is offered different types of Clothings as per the Swaroop.

Thakorji who’s Swaroop is in standing posture ‘Thade Swaroop or Chitraji’, Hand Painted
Swaroop have following vastra:

  •  Gherdhar, Chakdhar, Soothan-Patka, Dhoti-Uparna, Mallakach, Aadbandh, Kaachini or equivalent

For lalaan swaroop it is vagha-udani. According to the different season Shree Thakorji vastra is chosen for the comfort of Shree Thakorji. They are:

Sheetkal (Winter), from Dev Prabodini to Dhol
Utsav – Fargul, Atmasukh Vagha, Gaddal and Satin Vastra.

From Vasant Panchami to Dhol Utsav
White Malmal (soft cotton cloth), colourful vasanti vastra are worn.

From Akshaya Thritiya to Rathyatra
Light colour, white vastra are worn which has cotton designed laces and no gota.

At the time of Hindola
All cotton coloured Vastra with gota , Lehariya, Chundadi are worn.

From Navratri to Sharad Poonam
‘Bhasma’ Chapa ke vastra comes, which are made of silver or golden glitters.

Sharad poonam to Diwali
Jari vastra of all colour comes.

ChapaVastra During the days of NavVilas, Few days after Dwitiya Paat, Samvatsar Utsav,
Jari keVastra During Dashahara, Sharadotsav, Diwali,Annakut till Kartik Sud 15
SatinVastra From Margshish 1 till Makar Sankranti
KinkhaapVastra Few days in Magsar
ChhitVastra Bhogi Utsav , During days of Khel
VasantiVastra During the days of Khel
ChundadiVastra Days of Gangauri,ThakuraniTij, Hindola days,
AtalasVastra Ramnavmi Utsav,
MalmalVastra Mostly in Ushnakaal.This is a very soft, fine, cotton fabric
Karchobi Karchobi, a form of raised zari metallic thread embroidery is popular in Rajasthan. It is created by applying flat stitches on cotton padding. Karchobi work can be seen on bridal and formal costumes. It is also done on velvet coverings, curtains, tent hangings and the coverings of animal carts and temple chariots.

 

Clothings offered to Thakorji during Shringar as per swaroop

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Attar Bhavna

Attar is used in Thakorji’s Seva and it is believed to reduce the  distance between Shreeji and bhakta. There are various scented Attars which are used in Shreeji’s seva depending the seasons as mentioned below.

Attar is used in addition to fresh flowers for seva of the Lord and  is applied to Thakorji and often the Shree-anga is massaged with scented oils. Attar is applied in just the right amount so as not to be too over-powering for Shreeji. All the soft furnishings are liberally sprinkled with attar to make sure the inner sanctum is a sweet, pleasant place for the Lord to dwell in.

Havelis use a lot of Attar extracted from scented flowers. Usually these are in keeping with the seasons so jasmine is used in the summer, kevdo during monsoon and musk during the winter. Each scent is associated with specific moods, bhavas and sometimes bhaktas.
Below is a list of some of the Attars.

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Flowers and Scents

Sweet scented flowers calm the mind and cool the body. For this reason, only sweet scented flowers are used in Pushti Marg haveli. These include Jasmin, sugandhi-gulab (scented rose), chameli, jui, kevdo, mogro, sukhad, bakul, kadamba, lotus. Flowers that are showy, but have bitter scent are not used.

In Pushtimarg, the swaroop are usually small. Hence the garlands that are offered to them are designed to be particularly thin and delicate enough to look “in proportion” to the swaroop. For this reason, even rose petals are folded to quarter of their size so as to produce a uniform, thin line.

Garland in Pushti Marg are typically made of a singular colour eg white or yellow and set with
3, 5 or 7 colourful segments in-between. This creates a very pleasing effect, similar to necklaces of white pearls set with colourful gems.

One of the flowers most associated with Pushti Sampraday is the lotus. Lotus is used to make garlands as well as being carried in the arm of the Thakorji during the Rajbhog darshan. Lotus is also used to decorate palanas as well as hindolas. During the summer months, lotus are often floated in the pools and troughs to recreate the bhav of Yamunaji in the inner sanctum.

During the summer months to keep cool, Thakorji is often offered “clothes” made of flowers ! Buds of chameli, jai, jui, jasmine and mogra are used to create delicate lacy clothes to wear on the hottest days of the year

Sandal  wood paste is used during the hot months to cool the lord. To enhance its colour, saffron is added in just the right amounts to create a lovely orange colour. Balls of sandal wood paste are strung with pearls and shell to create a unique set of summer jewellery.

Saffron and sandal wood paste are dissolved in water and this is used to “print” clothes, pichhvais and soft furnishings for the summer. These are very delicate materials and a single drop of water, perspiration or Attar smudges the design. Hence in a haveli, these have to be replaced on a daily basis